Escheat


Escheat
The right of a feudal lord to the return of lands held by his vassal, or the holding of a serf, should either die with out lawful heirs or suffer outlawry.
The result of an incident that causes a fief to revert because a lord or tenant dies without an appropriate heir whose qualifications are generally noted in the original grant.
♦ Reversion of property to feudal lord or Crown upon default of heir or upon conviction of treason or felony.
(Sayles, George O. The King's Parliament of England, 144)
♦ The reversion to a lord of a fief for default of heirs or the outlawry of the holders.
(Warren, W.L. Henry II, 633)
Related terms: Escheator

Medieval glossary. 2014.

Synonyms: